General profile: Japan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2019
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
126.860 Millions
109.010 JPY/US$
5 092 694 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 364 560 km²
0.48 %
0.65 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.4 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2019
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Merchandise exports
594 941
769 774
624 921
705 564
Merchandise imports
515 866
694 059
648 117
720 957
Merchandise trade balance
79 074
75 715
-23 196
-15 392
Export structure by product group in 2019
(as % of total exports)
8 %8 %92 %92 %
Top 5 partners in 2019
(exports, millions of US$)
140 430134 68146 26943 00133 622140 430134 68146 26943 00133 622
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Services exports
102 029
134 414
162 637
(e) 205 057
Services imports
139 030
164 704
178 587
(e) 203 585
Services trade balance
-37 001
-30 290
-15 950
(e) 1 472
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Transport
35.1
31.4
21.8
(e) 12.8
Travel
12.2
9.8
15.4
(e) 22.1
Other services
52.4
58.3
62.3
(e) 64.2
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
10810811211110086858992101879711010510511010397909799971031081008889919210211293107113125139147151151150
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.7 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2019
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2019
GDP, current
4 755 410
5 700 098
4 389 476
5 092 694
GDP per capita, current US$
37 057
44 344
34 297
40 144
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
1.66
4.19
1.22
0.65
Current account balance, % of GDP
3.58
3.88
3.11
3.62
Exchange rate (/US$)
110.218
87.780
121.044
109.010
GDP by expenditure in 2018
(as % of total GDP)
55.619.724.418.418.255.619.724.418.418.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.5 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2019
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2019
FDI inflows
2 775.76
-1 251.81
2 975.53
14 552.38
FDI outflows
45 781.25
56 263.41
136 248.52
226 647.90
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.02
0.03
0.08
0.09
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
4 380.34 365.54 443.03 830.43 325.13 733.92 363.92 539.62 131.71 684.51 594.51 732.41 383.91 177.0905.0930.01 079.01 821.01 987.01 374.014 5529 85810 97719 3592 97612 0302 3041 732-1 758-1 25211 93824 42522 549-6 5062 7767 8156 3249 2396 2428 323FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Balance, % of GDP
1.47
1.37
-0.53
(e) 0.10
Balance, % of imports
11.56
9.89
-2.88
(e) 0.55
Normalized balance
0.055
0.047
-0.015
(e) 0.003
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
353735323638353131292535343127
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2019
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
57%Male 57%Female
43%Female 43%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
1.979 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2019
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2019
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
16 013
17 707
31 027
39 358
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
71.17
73.72
78.21
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
18 965 865
20 138 396
21 708 860
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
16.95
10.68
8.52
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
13.47
11.98
12.79
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
6.75
6.80
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 06 November 2020