General profile: Italy

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
60.462 Millions
0.876 EUR/US$
1 885 195 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 294 140 km²
-0.15 %
-8.87 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-7.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
373 135
447 301
456 990
496 120
Merchandise imports
384 790
487 049
410 919
422 875
Merchandise trade balance
-11 655
-39 748
46 071
73 245
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %83 %83 %10 %10 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
63 70351 09148 59028 89625 64863 70351 09148 59028 89625 648
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
92 016
101 373
98 364
87 346
Services imports
(e) 94 751
113 787
103 075
93 031
Services trade balance
(e) -2 735
-12 414
-4 710
-5 685
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
16.3
14.7
14.4
12.1
Travel
38.4
38.3
40.1
22.8
Other services
41.4
42.6
42.0
57.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
100107104106104100969290908984991059996979494949110510199100103100979492929599949796991011021019997
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-8.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
1 857 478
2 134 018
1 835 899
1 885 195
GDP per capita, current US$
31 871
35 972
30 306
31 180
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.82
1.71
0.78
-8.87
Current account balance, % of GDP
-0.90
-3.32
1.38
3.70
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.754
0.901
0.876
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
60.118.718.131.528.560.118.718.131.528.5
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.5 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
23 291.30
9 178.26
19 635.12
-388.35
FDI outflows
39 362.28
32 685.30
21 644.29
10 357.44
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.22
0.37
0.52
0.52
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
9 711.210 458.59 899.79 742.29 514.09 608.910 099.39 436.19 166.18 731.27 975.17 041.37 354.84 595.24 075.84 091.53 688.83 023.22 272.71 932.41 789.5-38818 14637 68224 04728 46919 63523 25424 2799334 3249 17820 077-10 83543 84942 58123 29120 12619 42417 05514 87113 375FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
(e) -0.17
-1.82
3.02
3.77
Balance, % of imports
(e) -0.69
-6.74
11.29
14.61
Normalized balance
(e) -0.003
-0.035
0.053
0.068
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
55606059555655555655524655555349
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
60%Male 60%Female
40%Female 40%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.578 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
11 316
17 276
17 009
11 981
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
54.82
63.44
68.12
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
8 021 929
9 436 316
9 800 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.11
2.15
1.90
2.16
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.05
7.73
5.19
5.62
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022