General profile: Iraq

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
40.223 Millions
1 192.200 IQD/US$
173 486 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 434 128 km²
0.57 %
-11.19 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-49.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
23 697
52 483
57 577
(e) 41 738
Merchandise imports
23 532
43 915
58 517
(e) 44 484
Merchandise trade balance
165
8 567
-940
(e) -2 746
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
14 %14 %86 %86 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
11 3419 8754 9642 5831 93811 3419 8754 9642 5831 938
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
355
2 834
5 033
3 803
Services imports
6 095
9 864
17 813
13 796
Services trade balance
-5 739
-7 030
-12 779
-9 993
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
49.7
13.7
6.5
11.0
Travel
47.2
58.6
56.3
25.1
Other services
3.1
27.7
37.2
63.9
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
67137154112841001411451451259075105776051412433345379127137109851001811951981921571282011601481299882757482
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-11.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
49 955
138 517
166 774
173 486
GDP per capita, current US$
1 856
4 657
4 688
4 313
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
1.68
6.40
4.72
-11.19
Current account balance, % of GDP
-6.68
4.68
-1.66
-3.57
Exchange rate (/US$)
1 472.000
1 170.000
1 167.333
1 192.200
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
51.417.215.542.429.251.417.215.542.429.2
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
515.30
1 396.20
-7 574.20
-2 895.50
FDI outflows
88.70
124.90
147.70
148.50
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
0.60
0.41
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
717.0859.2741.71 088.5986.41 004.5729.4-2 896-3 076-4 885-5 032-6 256-7 574-10 176-2 3353 4001 8821 3961 5981 8569723835153001 000-0.326-7-0.032FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-4.09
5.35
-1.07
-2.37
Balance, % of imports
-7.83
15.69
-3.08
-7.51
Normalized balance
-0.041
0.073
-0.016
-0.039
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
617269595569697074727366837085100
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
81%Male 81%Female
19%Female 19%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.005 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
210
180
109
97
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
5.25
8.20
31.29
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
-
-
-
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
..
..
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
..
..
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022