General profile: India

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
1 380.004 Millions
74.100 INR/US$
2 679 578 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 2 973 190 km²
6.19 %
-6.75 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-14.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
99 616
226 351
267 951
276 302
Merchandise imports
142 870
350 233
394 131
372 854
Merchandise trade balance
-43 254
-123 881
-126 180
-96 552
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %65 %65 %10 %10 %5 %5 %13 %13 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
49 32119 00817 9539 5378 29549 32119 00817 9539 5378 295
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
52 179
117 068
156 278
203 253
Services imports
(e) 60 636
(e) 114 928
(e) 123 567
(e) 153 925
Services trade balance
(e) -8 457
(e) 2 140
(e) 32 711
(e) 49 328
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
12.5
11.3
9.2
10.2
Travel
14.4
12.4
13.4
6.4
Other services
(e) 73.1
76.3
77.2
83.2
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
104110105107105100928677797157524541383229252423101949298103100908986869091787882848892859496
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
823 612
1 669 620
2 146 759
2 679 578
GDP per capita, current US$
718
1 353
1 639
1 942
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.92
8.50
8.00
-6.75
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.25
-3.27
-1.05
1.22
Exchange rate (/US$)
44.100
45.726
64.152
74.100
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
60.511.030.517.920.460.511.030.517.920.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.4 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
7 621.77
27 417.08
44 064.10
64 061.91
FDI outflows
2 985.49
15 947.43
7 572.42
11 559.96
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.69
3.20
3.21
3.10
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
83 149.083 332.178 790.268 967.262 744.468 909.770 388.669 970.468 820.562 499.153 480.049 204.049 977.337 216.828 333.622 125.118 750.420 999.215 735.714 273.012 883.564 06250 55842 15639 90444 48144 06434 58228 19924 19636 19027 41735 63447 10225 35020 3287 6225 7784 3215 6305 4783 588FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
(e) -4.95
(e) -7.61
(e) -4.86
(e) -1.69
Balance, % of imports
(e) -20.87
(e) -26.76
(e) -19.58
(e) -8.55
Normalized balance
(e) -0.117
(e) -0.154
(e) -0.109
(e) -0.045
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
38424442414553565856494756454642
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
75%Male 75%Female
25%Female 25%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.840 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
12 347
14 970
15 617
17 412
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
44.72
47.33
55.11
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
8 889 576
11 883 003
16 285 806
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
1.11
2.00
0.89
2.05
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.64
6.31
8.56
10.81
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022