General profile: China, Hong Kong SAR

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
7.497 Millions
7.757 HKD/US$
349 617 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 1 050 km²
0.33 %
-6.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
292 119
400 692
510 486
548 773
Merchandise imports
300 160
441 369
558 770
569 769
Merchandise trade balance
-8 041
-40 677
-48 284
-20 995
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
14 %14 %86 %86 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
304 70839 94318 19815 03614 095304 70839 94318 19815 03614 095
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
47 373
80 539
104 357
63 790
Services imports
56 245
70 398
74 092
51 022
Services trade balance
-8 872
10 141
30 265
12 768
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
43.2
37.1
28.5
32.8
Travel
21.7
27.6
34.6
4.4
Other services
34.8
35.0
36.5
62.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1031011091081031001011039591877786858074696154495010110010010010010099999999100101100100100102103105106105103
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-6.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
181 569
228 639
309 386
349 617
GDP per capita, current US$
26 821
32 821
43 054
46 634
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
7.39
6.77
2.39
-6.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
11.88
7.00
3.32
6.48
Exchange rate (/US$)
7.777
7.769
7.752
7.757
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
68.710.818.9177.5175.868.710.818.9177.5175.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+29.2 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
34 057.83
70 540.74
174 352.89
(m) 119 229.37
FDI outflows
27 003.10
86 247.18
71 821.20
(m) 102 224.24
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.16
0.15
0.13
0.13
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
458.0451.2424.6436.9399.5386.8372.4360.2366.8351.6339.6347.8355.3316.9294.0296.8239.9119.7120.5152.8135.5119 22973 714104 246110 685117 387174 353113 03874 29470 18096 58170 54155 53558 31558 40341 81134 05829 15417 8313 66229 06154 582FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
12.22
5.88
2.39
-8.87
Balance, % of imports
7.40
2.95
1.24
-5.15
Normalized balance
0.036
0.015
0.006
-0.026
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
335354377377372389426443431422405348377362359343
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
54%Male 54%Female
46%Female 46%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
9.724 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
43 958
74 513
150 421
201 444
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
87.77
92.06
93.64
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
23 600 000
20 114 000
17 969 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
38.29
44.16
48.65
57.95
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
38.22
42.76
47.66
56.81
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
4.69
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
m
Directional basis calculated from Asset/Liability basis.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022