General profile: Greece

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
10.423 Millions
0.876 EUR/US$
189 467 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 128 900 km²
-1.26 %
-8.22 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-7.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
17 278
27 950
28 554
35 169
Merchandise imports
54 436
66 913
46 786
55 691
Merchandise trade balance
-37 158
-38 963
-18 232
-20 522
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %44 %44 %22 %22 %9 %9 %22 %22 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
3 6912 6862 0972 0251 6823 6912 6862 0972 0251 682
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
33 859
37 260
35 116
25 940
Services imports
16 222
20 133
16 719
17 628
Services trade balance
17 637
17 127
18 397
8 313
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
(e) 50.9
54.9
43.2
60.8
Travel
(e) 39.2
34.2
44.6
19.0
Other services
-
10.3
11.8
19.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
119118117109105100939089837961687169636060566465959899999910098989810010098101103103104108107109109111
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-8.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
247 777
296 835
195 318
189 467
GDP per capita, current US$
22 074
27 264
18 323
18 178
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.60
-5.48
-0.41
-8.22
Current account balance, % of GDP
-8.86
-10.11
-0.82
-6.70
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.754
0.901
0.876
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
69.319.712.740.141.769.319.712.740.141.7
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.4 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
623.29
329.91
1 268.16
3 572.02
FDI outflows
1 467.82
1 557.26
1 578.19
702.77
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.49
0.50
0.29
0.32
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
611.4676.3489.7400.9581.6564.3734.9804.7681.01 187.01 498.82 022.12 686.82 483.21 543.11 219.71 242.71 565.11 660.42 014.62 193.83 5725 0193 9733 4852 7651 2682 6872 8181 7401 1433302 4364 4992 1115 3556232 1021 275401 5891 108FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-7.61
-6.40
-0.61
-6.78
Balance, % of imports
-26.35
-22.87
-1.88
-17.89
Normalized balance
-0.152
-0.129
-0.009
-0.098
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
69807971636566636155504758575250
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
57%Male 57%Female
43%Female 43%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
3.332 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
54 642
67 629
75 191
69 019
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
29.96
42.76
59.70
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 137 000
3 679 000
5 756 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
2.80
1.99
3.07
3.51
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
5.74
4.83
4.89
5.60
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
(l) 2.98
(o) 3.52
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
l
Data not available for G5151; G5152 and 7123.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022