General profile: France

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
67.555 Millions
0.876 EUR/US$
2 605 231 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 635 391 km²
0.53 %
-8.29 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-14.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
463 428
523 767
506 264
488 372
Merchandise imports
504 124
611 070
570 758
582 564
Merchandise trade balance
-40 696
-87 303
-64 494
-94 192
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %80 %80 %14 %14 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
69 89137 13937 08335 95935 64069 89137 13937 08335 95935 640
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
156 639
202 306
255 711
245 578
Services imports
133 994
181 837
233 413
231 664
Services trade balance
22 644
20 469
22 298
13 914
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
-
21.3
16.4
17.5
Travel
-
23.2
22.8
13.4
Other services
-
51.1
54.5
60.6
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
8510199991001009695969798921051091091081111081091131129897979810010097979899102105103105105105108109110110110
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-8.3 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
2 200 274
2 647 972
2 444 467
2 605 231
GDP per capita, current US$
34 855
40 745
36 685
38 565
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
1.66
1.95
1.12
-8.29
Current account balance, % of GDP
0.10
-0.63
-0.37
-1.91
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.754
0.901
0.876
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
53.723.124.231.832.853.723.124.231.832.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.7 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
33 233.73
13 890.09
45 364.69
17 932.49
FDI outflows
68 057.01
48 154.81
53 217.91
44 203.01
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.65
0.75
0.98
0.94
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
24 481.726 837.626 878.824 884.524 042.324 067.025 358.424 412.322 666.422 942.319 898.319 665.420 085.717 586.415 535.214 205.113 342.612 231.810 599.39 194.28 869.617 93233 96538 18524 83323 07745 3652 67334 28016 06231 64213 89030 73337 59363 50025 32633 234-2 5747 85521 51515 94827 497FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
0.14
-1.64
-0.40
-2.23
Balance, % of imports
0.53
-5.76
-1.23
-7.24
Normalized balance
0.003
-0.030
-0.006
-0.038
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
59666765646461606159555158575754
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
53%Male 53%Female
47%Female 47%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.360 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
6 311
8 822
6 500
7 449
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
58.22
68.59
74.27
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
5 185 195
5 381 800
5 107 857
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
6.29
4.41
4.02
3.77
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
8.54
7.33
6.67
6.68
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
6.54
(o) 5.70
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
o
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022