General profile: Costa Rica

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
5.094 Millions
584.901 CRC/US$
59 546 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 51 060 km²
0.72 %
-4.50 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
7 026
9 448
9 422
12 174
Merchandise imports
9 824
13 570
16 273
14 942
Merchandise trade balance
-2 798
-4 122
-6 852
-2 768
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %56 %56 %40 %40 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
5 1779176286114975 177917628611497
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
3 197
5 022
7 694
(e) 6 839
Services imports
1 512
1 889
3 085
(e) 3 429
Services trade balance
1 685
3 132
4 609
(e) 3 410
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
8.8
8.1
6.4
(e) 4.2
Travel
58.5
44.7
42.5
(e) 19.7
Other services
19.9
37.4
48.1
(e) 73.2
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1251221171121091001211241251151059910810795837573646273101101100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.5 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
19 952
37 269
54 776
59 546
GDP per capita, current US$
4 656
8 142
11 299
11 689
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.87
4.95
3.63
-4.50
Current account balance, % of GDP
-4.31
-3.26
-3.51
-2.27
Exchange rate (/US$)
477.787
525.829
534.566
584.901
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
63.317.417.933.832.463.317.417.933.832.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
1 364.13
1 683.55
2 751.88
1 710.77
FDI outflows
-15.06
94.34
210.57
86.77
Personal remittances, % of GDP
2.11
1.42
1.01
0.84
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
500.0553.4533.5560.4545.4552.0593.9596.4562.3520.2530.7513.1604.8617.9513.2420.3319.5320.9250.6198.4136.01 7112 7482 3372 7782 2042 7522 9272 7412 2582 4611 6841 4442 3202 0881 7021 364976692825609667FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
-1.81
-1.12
0.00
(e) 2.46
Balance, % of imports
-3.95
-3.21
0.01
(e) 8.57
Normalized balance
-0.020
-0.016
0.000
(e) 0.041
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
60666766646367666869687087879090
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
62%Male 62%Female
38%Female 38%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1
0
2
3
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
17.52
17.77
24.12
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 036 214
1 343 841
1 511 600
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
23.74
19.91
1.70
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
23.69
17.72
9.16
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
4.70
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022