General profile: Canada

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
37.742 Millions
1.341 CAD/US$
1 643 385 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 9 093 510 km²
0.72 %
-5.40 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-12.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
360 475
387 481
410 062
390 599
Merchandise imports
322 411
402 690
430 124
414 165
Merchandise trade balance
38 064
-15 209
-20 062
-23 566
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
5 %5 %50 %50 %19 %19 %8 %8 %4 %4 %15 %15 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
286 02018 82714 8979 2464 589286 02018 82714 8979 2464 589
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
61 488
78 719
84 956
(e) 85 505
Services imports
65 930
100 135
104 753
(e) 91 250
Services trade balance
-4 442
-21 416
-19 796
(e) -5 745
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
17.3
15.7
14.3
(e) 11.9
Travel
24.2
22.4
23.9
(e) 13.2
Other services
56.1
60.1
59.8
(e) 72.9
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
9711010910599100105999594877610210195948879767880971021041039910011211311211411210311811210910810498929797
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-5.4 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
1 173 158
1 617 267
1 556 129
1 643 385
GDP per capita, current US$
36 474
47 361
43 194
43 542
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
3.20
3.09
0.66
-5.40
Current account balance, % of GDP
1.87
-3.60
-3.51
-1.81
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.211
1.030
1.279
1.341
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
57.821.123.031.933.557.821.123.031.933.5
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
25 691.56
28 400.44
43 835.97
23 822.79
FDI outflows
27 538.46
34 722.76
67 440.31
48 655.15
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.08
0.07
0.08
0.06
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
910.81 311.81 295.61 268.21 289.31 274.31 351.31 336.51 254.61 227.31 199.21 196.41 299.41 177.51 085.7933.7827.7672.3635.3611.2554.623 82347 83738 24022 76736 05643 83659 00569 36843 11139 66928 40022 70061 553116 82160 29425 692-4457 48222 15527 66366 795FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
3.95
-1.87
-2.47
(e) -2.05
Balance, % of imports
12.02
-6.04
-7.18
(e) -6.61
Normalized balance
0.057
-0.031
-0.037
(e) -0.034
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
60656765656664626363605967666870
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
53%Male 53%Female
47%Female 47%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.169 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
3 027
3 401
3 610
3 499
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
36.35
38.57
46.78
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
4 694 496
5 793 852
6 196 600
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
3.88
2.76
2.14
1.71
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
9.07
8.43
7.12
7.73
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
(k) 3.70
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
k
Data include self-employed jobs.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022