General profile: Bahrain

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
1.702 Millions
0.376 BHD/US$
33 955 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 778 km²
-2.32 %
-5.50 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-22.4 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
10 242
14 971
16 540
14 066
Merchandise imports
9 393
(e) 12 260
12 408
12 683
Merchandise trade balance
849
(e) 2 711
4 133
1 383
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
1 %1 %29 %29 %37 %37 %28 %28 %4 %4 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
2 9212 0431 1379446282 9212 0431 137944628
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
3 155
4 233
9 113
(e) 11 468
Services imports
1 416
1 905
6 592
(e) 9 263
Services trade balance
1 739
2 328
2 520
(e) 2 205
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
21.6
18.9
8.8
-
Travel
29.2
32.2
17.3
-
Other services
45.8
44.5
69.6
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
7998979080100104110969484721028986766056524954981041071049710010810810811111098124112113978275727477
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-5.5 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
15 969
25 713
31 126
33 955
GDP per capita, current US$
17 959
20 722
22 689
19 955
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.77
4.34
2.86
-5.50
Current account balance, % of GDP
9.23
2.99
-2.42
(e) -9.56
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.376
0.376
0.376
0.376
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
40.115.832.876.665.340.115.832.876.665.3
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.6 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
1 048.67
155.85
64.89
1 006.65
FDI outflows
1 135.37
334.04
3 190.96
-205.05
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
..
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 0071 5011 6541 426243651 5193 7291 545981562572 6389122 9151 04986551721780364FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
19.48
18.61
10.77
(e) 2.38
Balance, % of imports
30.23
36.54
15.03
(e) 3.43
Normalized balance
0.131
0.154
0.070
(e) 0.017
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
141143153143139154176192186128120118146138147148
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
79%Male 79%Female
21%Female 21%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.016 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
380
613
601
328
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
10.66
22.76
9.29
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
269 331
424 602
454 000
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.11
0.25
4.03
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
2.09
2.81
4.62
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022