General profile: Argentina

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
45.196 Millions
70.539 ARS/US$
392 730 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(n) 2 736 690 km²
42.02 %
-9.90 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-15.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
40 351
68 187
56 784
54 884
Merchandise imports
28 689
56 793
60 205
42 354
Merchandise trade balance
11 662
11 395
-3 421
12 530
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
7 %7 %16 %16 %77 %77 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
7 9415 2443 3102 8882 8517 9415 2443 3102 8882 851
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Services exports
6 458
12 817
13 214
9 403
Services imports
7 497
14 621
19 029
11 770
Services trade balance
-1 039
-1 804
-5 815
-2 367
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
20.2
15.4
17.6
13.4
Travel
42.3
38.9
37.3
17.2
Other services
37.5
44.7
44.3
68.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
108123111110114100107118131136118101112101908276706261591041031041031061001051071141109996958580777974686768
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-9.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2020
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
GDP, current
200 622
426 487
644 903
392 730
GDP per capita, current US$
5 158
10 429
14 971
8 690
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
8.85
10.13
2.73
-9.90
Current account balance, % of GDP
2.63
-0.38
-2.73
0.84
Exchange rate (/US$)
2.904
3.896
9.233
70.539
GDP by expenditure in 2019
(as % of total GDP)
64.415.314.217.315.164.415.314.217.315.1
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2020
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2020
FDI inflows
5 265.26
11 332.72
11 758.99
4 122.73
FDI outflows
1 311.06
964.76
875.23
1 234.01
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
0.15
0.08
0.16
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
632.3528.3506.5479.9391.6494.4505.3535.0577.5697.4644.3628.5705.1606.54 1236 66311 87311 5173 26011 7595 0659 82215 32410 84011 3334 0179 7266 4735 5375 2654 1251 6522 1492 16610 418FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Balance, % of GDP
5.93
2.89
-1.02
3.07
Balance, % of imports
34.21
17.95
-8.61
23.10
Normalized balance
0.146
0.082
-0.045
0.104
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
30323225262329293135353441414141
LABOUR FORCE
Labour force by gender in 2020
(as % of total labour force, all sectors)
Male
59%Male 59%Female
41%Female 41%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.041 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2020
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
491
981
652
843
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
25.47
33.24
32.87
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 992 900
1 700 265
1 990 008
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.19
0.11
0.12
0.07
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
11.64
9.02
9.51
9.05
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
n
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 05 January 2022