Maritime profile: South Africa

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2020
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
59.309 Millions
302 141 Millions current US$
(e) 84 062 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(o) 1 213 090 Km²
-6.98 %
17 384 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2020
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
3.1 m/km²
225 GT
..
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
499 Thousands DWT
104 ships
1 114 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
4 029 000 TEU
(n) 3 030
7 836
WORLD SHARES FOR 2020
0.76 %0.23 %0.35 %0.49 %0.47 %0.02 %0.02 %0.05 %0.05 % Less than 0.01% of the World totalNot available or not separately reported0.23 %0.10 %0.50 %0.40 %0.35 %0.16 %1.09 %0.22 %Not available or not separately reported0.76 %0.23 %0.35 %0.49 %0.47 %0.02 %0.02 %0.05 %0.05 % Less than 0.01% of the World totalNot available or not separately reported0.23 %0.10 %0.50 %0.40 %0.35 %0.16 %1.09 %0.22 %Not available or not separately reported
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-4.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2020
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Merchandise exports
51 626
91 347
81 002
85 834
Merchandise imports
62 304
96 835
(e) 104 651
(e) 84 062
Merchandise trade balance
-10 679
-5 488
(e) -23 649
(e) 1 772
Export structure by product group in 2020
(as % of total exports)
12 %12 %37 %37 %8 %8 %31 %31 %12 %12 %
Top 5 partners in 2020
(exports, millions of US$)
9 7947 1316 3994 2413 7939 7947 1316 3994 2413 793
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-40.3 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2020
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport
17.1
19.3
16.4
16.7
Travel
63.5
56.6
54.9
34.6
Other services
19.2
24.0
28.5
47.9
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Transport services exports
2 021
3 100
2 470
1 260
Transport services imports
5 328
7 173
6 454
4 015
Transport services trade balance
-3 307
-4 073
-3 984
-2 755
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+11.4 %
Fleet growth rate in2020
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2020
Total fleet
104.0
125.9
74.0
499.2
Oil tankers
3.0
9.0
21.1
27.4
Bulk carriers
..
..
0.0
414.5
General cargo
..
0.1
0.1
0.1
Container ships
30.0
29.7
0.0
0.0
Other types of ships
71.0
87.1
52.8
57.1
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
940136930126920126860126680126
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in Q1 2020¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.3850.3780.3630.3620.3610.3420.3360.3340.3320.3310.3850.3780.3630.3620.3610.3420.3360.3340.3320.331
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
41.341.941.340.239.938.138.240.138.439.239.038.840.039.339.939.739.639.535.338.735.335.437.938.238.438.538.535.839.339.639.038.534.135.034.335.335.034.835.736.733.933.733.232.432.632.231.031.831.031.530.932.529.532.928.829.128.427.327.026.8
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2020
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
7 836
2.11
12
41 410
60 135
4 779
167 725
Liquid bulk carriers
1 715
1.48
10
27 336
47 437
..
164 359
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
118
1.15
12
25 820
30 146
..
48 714
Liquefied natural gas carriers
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Dry bulk carriers
2 912
2.50
9
45 045
82 513
..
161 294
Dry breakbulk carriers
666
2.48
15
19 582
25 796
..
57 934
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
434
..
12
58 928
21 007
..
76 420
Container ships
1 840
2.32
14
52 210
..
4 779
153 115
Passenger ships
151
..
20
57 643
..
..
167 725
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2020¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
5.55.55.55.55.55.55.55.56.16.16.16.16.26.26.26.26.26.26.16.16.16.46.76.77.47.47.47.47.47.46.76.36.56.56.56.56.16.16.06.06.06.26.26.25.85.85.85.85.85.85.86.06.06.16.06.06.06.06.06.022.821.021.020.223.224.924.927.723.624.822.222.923.121.722.821.721.720.323.623.823.724.524.222.622.221.419.917.024.425.328.428.024.418.218.318.718.320.220.721.018.817.617.617.617.618.017.618.216.617.317.215.615.415.315.515.214.814.614.714.625.025.725.725.825.926.726.622.222.722.822.822.724.624.229.029.230.228.422.526.422.922.923.522.723.123.223.221.726.326.613.112.712.620.320.220.519.718.912.910.510.510.725.930.130.330.831.030.330.526.926.025.625.626.529.826.935.435.035.334.229.532.729.028.627.827.326.728.227.226.227.728.032.632.727.627.826.727.323.525.324.626.723.223.523.723.723.924.121.822.020.619.819.719.719.622.919.019.519.419.019.118.538.839.239.137.837.635.735.637.335.936.736.636.536.936.729.429.129.230.031.532.432.533.235.735.836.036.537.135.339.039.238.538.233.534.234.035.134.634.335.435.533.133.332.932.132.231.931.132.130.429.730.632.129.132.828.529.027.926.726.026.0
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
8
Refers to year 2021. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015 and BIMCO-ICS Seafarer Workforce Report, 2021 edition.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
n
Estimated by BIMCO/ICS to be the same figure as in 2015.
o
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 13 June 2022