General profile: Egypt

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
109.262 Millions
15.645 EGP/US$
405 911 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 995 450 km²
4.50 %
4.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+63.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
12 912
26 438
21 349
43 626
Merchandise imports
22 449
52 923
63 574
83 503
Merchandise trade balance
-9 537
-26 485
-42 225
-39 877
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
4 %4 %47 %47 %30 %30 %4 %4 %15 %15 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
2 8132 7752 6812 4752 4732 8132 7752 6812 4752 473
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
14 643
23 807
18 539
(e) 21 897
Services imports
10 508
14 718
17 519
(e) 22 951
Services trade balance
4 135
9 089
1 020
(e) -1 054
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
32.4
33.3
52.5
(e) 39.0
Travel
46.8
52.6
32.7
(e) 40.6
Other services
20.8
14.1
14.8
(e) 20.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
160118129120119126100110117117118118111115979377625242374012410210410610310210010310410410297941039396927973707275
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
94 456
214 630
317 745
405 911
GDP per capita, current US$
1 195
2 460
3 251
3 715
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.47
5.15
4.37
4.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
2.23
-2.10
-5.43
(e) -4.54
Exchange rate (/US$)
5.779
5.622
7.691
15.645
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
85.88.013.813.220.885.88.013.813.220.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.1 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
5 375.60
6 385.60
6 925.20
5 122.00
FDI outflows
92.00
1 175.50
181.70
367.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
5.31
5.80
5.77
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
29 602.926 781.425 515.724 737.418 590.418 325.419 570.417 833.119 236.414 324.312 453.17 149.68 694.07 655.85 329.55 017.33 340.72 960.92 893.12 911.42 852.05 1225 8529 0108 1417 4098 1076 9254 6124 2566 031-4836 3866 7129 49511 57810 0435 3762 1572376475101 235FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
-3.82
-5.14
-9.56
(e) -8.75
Balance, % of imports
-10.52
-18.43
-44.70
(e) -37.85
Normalized balance
-0.056
-0.101
-0.288
(e) -0.233
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
3730425158383340414247515274747269
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
43%Urban 43%Rural
57%Rural 57%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.082 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
1 644
1 518
1 535
1 746
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
45.41
57.05
67.89
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
6 833 009
7 185 300
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.13
0.14
3.70
2.88
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.41
3.75
4.47
4.85
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022