General profile: Türkiye

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
84.775 Millions
8.850 TRY/US$
808 338 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 769 630 km²
19.60 %
10.99 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+32.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
73 476
113 883
150 982
225 218
Merchandise imports
116 774
185 544
213 619
271 426
Merchandise trade balance
-43 298
-71 661
-62 637
-46 208
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %78 %78 %4 %4 %5 %5 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
19 31114 72313 70411 47411 12619 31114 72313 70411 47411 126
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
27 822
36 449
55 488
58 153
Services imports
11 950
19 704
25 500
31 602
Services trade balance
15 872
16 745
29 988
26 551
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
18.2
25.8
35.5
42.9
Travel
69.0
62.0
48.0
35.8
Other services
12.8
12.2
14.3
18.3
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1281191191121111081009181806967656866585450433731288910095959910410094939191949894989510010110199100102
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+11.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
506 315
776 967
864 314
808 338
GDP per capita, current US$
7 369
10 615
10 852
9 535
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
8.99
8.43
6.08
10.99
Current account balance, % of GDP
-4.14
-5.74
-3.16
-1.69
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.344
1.503
2.720
8.850
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
56.715.227.428.732.556.715.227.428.732.5
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.6 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
10 031.00
9 085.00
18 976.00
12 530.00
FDI outflows
1 064.00
1 468.00
4 809.00
4 979.00
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.27
0.23
0.16
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
795.0810.01 122.01 048.01 186.01 395.01 739.01 901.01 881.01 883.01 819.01 834.02 439.02 096.01 833.01 368.0804.0729.01 936.02 786.04 560.012 5307 8219 59412 57311 11313 65118 97612 96913 46113 74516 1439 0858 58519 85122 04720 18510 0312 7851 7021 0823 352982FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
-3.37
-5.09
-2.20
-0.33
Balance, % of imports
-13.83
-20.09
-8.29
-0.93
Normalized balance
-0.074
-0.112
-0.043
-0.005
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
7060626256485154525252464651474845
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
77%Urban 77%Rural
23%Rural 23%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.300 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
7 048
7 878
8 557
6 408
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
36.15
52.28
61.40
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
5 837 078
8 182 876
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
4.39
1.84
1.80
0.88
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.12
4.47
5.76
4.10
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022