General profile: Tonga

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
0.106 Millions
2.265 TOP/US$
489 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 720 km²
1.41 %
-3.20 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+5.9 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
10
8
18
(e) 16
Merchandise imports
121
159
209
(e) 276
Merchandise trade balance
-111
-151
-191
(e) -260
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %14 %14 %7 %7 %76 %76 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
4322143221
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
25
35
49
43
Services imports
41
48
55
72
Services trade balance
-16
-13
-6
-29
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
10.4
19.3
23.1
33.8
Travel
56.6
46.0
65.1
21.4
Other services
33.0
34.8
11.3
44.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
778410767105128100928375694749515467751271651466684981081029810210710090878487959588889293102107104104102
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-3.2 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
261
371
403
489
GDP per capita, current US$
2 472
3 457
3 800
4 617
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
-0.41
0.80
1.17
-3.20
Current account balance, % of GDP
-9.32
-23.55
-10.93
-3.92
Exchange rate (/US$)
1.943
1.906
2.106
2.265
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
99.123.824.819.062.399.123.824.819.062.3
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
12.97
24.71
12.35
1.74
FDI outflows
4.58
3.10
5.32
0.20
Personal remittances, % of GDP
26.41
19.94
32.06
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
193.6190.4183.4158.6126.2129.3119.3122.791.284.374.081.9103.581.878.069.065.458.662.2242151491256513144252046241713376589FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
-40.06
-48.46
-46.28
-46.37
Balance, % of imports
-69.53
-79.72
-72.65
-79.44
Normalized balance
-0.533
-0.663
-0.570
-0.659
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
7083878988888176857974738981736975
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
23%Urban 23%Rural
77%Rural 77%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.002 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
125
78
80
32
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
5.06
5.00
7.41
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
-
-
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
..
0.00
..
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
2.84
6.36
..
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022