General profile: Netherlands

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
17.502 Millions
0.845 EUR/US$
1 006 525 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 33 670 km²
2.83 %
3.85 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+24.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
406 372
574 251
570 442
836 512
Merchandise imports
363 822
516 409
512 105
757 986
Merchandise trade balance
42 550
57 842
58 337
78 525
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %67 %67 %12 %12 %15 %15 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
197 35799 35375 38851 28740 782197 35799 35375 38851 28740 782
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
-
161 664
197 861
(e) 247 556
Services imports
-
136 034
213 441
(e) 236 765
Services trade balance
-
25 630
-15 579
(e) 10 791
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
-
(e) 19.1
17.9
(e) 22.6
Travel
-
(e) 9.3
7.0
(e) 3.9
Other services
-
(e) 65.7
70.9
(e) 68.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
11911111411311010410096949493928594938782767068686497991001001001011009997979898101100102102102105105105107106
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
685 076
846 555
765 265
1 006 525
GDP per capita, current US$
42 128
50 945
44 907
57 510
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
2.05
1.34
1.96
3.85
Current account balance, % of GDP
6.07
7.30
6.35
9.60
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.754
0.901
0.845
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
41.926.021.777.967.441.926.021.777.967.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.9 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
39 047.16
-7 184.47
163 397.01
-81 055.61
FDI outflows
119 688.35
68 358.18
233 655.52
28 861.20
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.18
0.20
0.30
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 521.02 396.22 476.22 226.52 159.92 298.11 482.61 618.61 640.11 788.71 720.11 713.11 649.11 630.21 552.61 258.71 298.31 120.7484.1482.8425.8-81 056-105 394-14 14187 63313 92555 124163 39745 03451 11925 01324 156-7 18438 752-6 776114 16113 97839 04712 45232 90025 03851 92763 855FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
-
12.45
7.45
(e) 9.31
Balance, % of imports
-
19.76
9.43
(e) 11.54
Normalized balance
-
0.090
0.045
(e) 0.055
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
171156173173168157166161156157149138127141139137
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
93%Urban 93%Rural
7%Rural 7%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.319 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
7 940
7 252
8 516
6 811
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
79.91
81.19
91.64
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
11 410 060
12 407 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
16.78
12.46
10.65
9.98
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
18.74
14.54
13.08
12.80
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
(r) 6.15
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
r
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022