General profile: Kazakhstan

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
19.196 Millions
425.908 KZT/US$
190 722 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 2 699 700 km²
8.00 %
3.95 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+30.5 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
27 849
59 971
45 956
60 625
Merchandise imports
17 353
31 107
30 568
41 171
Merchandise trade balance
10 496
28 864
15 388
19 454
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
0 %0 %14 %14 %63 %63 %17 %17 %6 %6 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
11 4148 9866 2864 2372 71811 4148 9866 2864 2372 718
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
2 087
4 119
6 177
5 814
Services imports
7 521
11 369
10 898
7 664
Services trade balance
-5 434
-7 250
-4 720
-1 850
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
49.1
55.4
56.9
68.4
Travel
33.6
24.4
26.4
9.2
Other services
17.3
20.0
15.6
20.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
102951191251058210015816716716112896150113977559423430301339211312310689100142151152153132108145122118998069646368
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+3.9 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
57 124
148 047
184 388
190 722
GDP per capita, current US$
3 649
8 904
10 338
9 935
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
9.70
7.30
1.20
3.95
Current account balance, % of GDP
-1.81
0.94
-3.26
-3.01
Exchange rate (/US$)
132.880
147.355
221.728
425.908
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
52.912.728.530.226.052.912.728.530.226.0
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.8 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
1 971.22
11 550.72
4 056.61
3 171.79
FDI outflows
-147.86
7 885.48
795.17
1 468.46
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.11
0.15
0.16
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
374.4506.1618.0560.4384.2294.3401.4341.4283.0179.7225.6198.2125.6143.083.662.057.442.2111.285.067.53 1723 6753 2843 8984 7148 5144 0578 48910 32113 33713 97311 55113 24314 32211 1196 2781 9714 1572 0922 5902 8351 283FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
8.29
13.77
3.63
10.02
Balance, % of imports
18.60
46.06
15.17
40.70
Normalized balance
0.085
0.187
0.070
0.169
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
5957646357575164657273747594929197
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
58%Urban 58%Rural
42%Rural 42%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.006 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
20
91
156
135
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.06
0.05
0.19
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.03
4.97
4.89
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022