General profile: Iran (Islamic Republic of)

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
87.923 Millions
42 000.000 IRR/US$
1 410 912 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 1 622 500 km²
40.13 %
2.75 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+52.7 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
56 252
101 316
70 275
71 646
Merchandise imports
40 041
65 404
44 937
48 978
Merchandise trade balance
16 211
35 912
25 338
22 667
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
1 %1 %30 %30 %51 %51 %8 %8 %11 %11 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
15 3678 7977 6316 6165 67015 3678 7977 6316 6165 670
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
4 999
8 853
11 085
(e) 5 767
Services imports
(e) 10 841
18 893
15 870
(e) 11 077
Services trade balance
(e) -5 842
-10 040
-4 785
(e) -5 310
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
46.5
43.7
35.5
-
Travel
15.8
27.5
39.6
-
Other services
37.6
28.8
25.0
-
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
8562901401311051001241161331591361101531371301008072656065138961151201048910013013212912710791129111109977767636369
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+2.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
228 899
523 804
417 210
1 410 912
GDP per capita, current US$
3 261
6 949
5 101
16 047
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.30
6.94
-1.42
2.75
Current account balance, % of GDP
6.72
5.26
0.33
-
Exchange rate (/US$)
8 963.959
10 254.176
29 011.491
42 000.000
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
47.415.438.520.725.347.415.438.520.725.3
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
2 889.19
3 648.97
2 050.00
1 425.00
FDI outflows
414.56
238.96
119.69
81.61
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.46
0.24
0.34
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 330.01 181.01 072.01 115.01 115.01 032.01 032.01 032.01 178.0851.0682.0536.01 4251 3421 5082 3735 0193 3722 0502 1053 0504 6624 2773 6492 9831 9802 0182 3182 8893 0372 8773 519408194FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
(e) 6.69
5.21
0.14
(e) 1.14
Balance, % of imports
(e) 28.22
28.92
0.77
(e) 24.29
Normalized balance
(e) 0.124
0.126
0.004
(e) 0.108
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
1110203439373540322939414246495354
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
76%Urban 76%Rural
24%Rural 24%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.971 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
9 114
1 333
4 613
20 737
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
30.67
19.62
31.24
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
2 732 500
2 174 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.03
0.04
0.07
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.57
3.63
6.13
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022