General profile: Greece

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
10.445 Millions
0.845 EUR/US$
211 477 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 128 900 km²
0.57 %
5.95 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+34.0 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
17 278
27 950
28 554
47 170
Merchandise imports
54 436
66 913
46 786
75 855
Merchandise trade balance
-37 158
-38 963
-18 232
-28 685
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
2 %2 %40 %40 %29 %29 %9 %9 %19 %19 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
4 6203 3762 7702 4352 2054 6203 3762 7702 4352 205
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
33 859
37 260
35 116
41 397
Services imports
16 222
20 133
16 719
26 033
Services trade balance
17 637
17 127
18 397
15 364
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
(e) 50.9
54.9
43.2
53.5
Travel
(e) 39.2
34.2
44.6
30.0
Other services
-
10.3
11.8
15.9
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
13012011911810910510093918982796168716963605956646596969899100991009898981009998101103103103107106108108111
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+6.0 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
247 777
296 835
195 605
211 477
GDP per capita, current US$
22 295
26 902
18 100
20 246
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
0.60
-5.48
-0.20
5.95
Current account balance, % of GDP
-8.86
-10.11
-0.82
-6.02
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.804
0.754
0.901
0.845
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
69.822.815.032.039.669.822.815.032.039.6
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.4 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
623.29
329.91
1 268.16
5 731.52
FDI outflows
1 467.82
1 557.26
1 578.16
926.13
Personal remittances, % of GDP
0.49
0.50
0.29
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
611.4676.3489.7400.9581.6564.3734.9804.7681.01 187.01 498.82 022.12 686.82 483.21 543.11 219.71 242.71 565.11 660.42 014.62 193.85 7323 2135 0193 9733 4852 7651 2682 6872 8181 7401 1433302 4364 4992 1115 3556232 1021 275401 5891 108FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
-7.61
-6.40
-0.61
-7.07
Balance, % of imports
-26.35
-22.87
-1.88
-14.57
Normalized balance
-0.152
-0.129
-0.009
-0.079
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
9069807971636566626155504758575250
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
80%Urban 80%Rural
20%Rural 20%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
3.022 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
54 642
67 629
75 191
64 563
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
29.96
42.76
60.08
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 137 000
3 679 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
2.80
1.99
3.07
3.04
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
5.74
4.83
4.89
5.31
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
(m) 2.98
(r) 3.52
(s) 2.88
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
m
Data not available for G5151; G5152 and 7123.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
r
Number of persons employed in full time equivalent units.Total business economy includes repair of computers, personal and household goods; except financial and insurance activities.
s
Provisional.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022