General profile: Ghana

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
32.833 Millions
5.806 GHS/US$
76 191 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 227 533 km²
9.98 %
4.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+1.8 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
2 802
7 960
10 321
14 727
Merchandise imports
5 347
10 922
13 465
13 629
Merchandise trade balance
-2 545
-2 962
-3 144
1 099
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
38 %38 %4 %4 %31 %31 %4 %4 %23 %23 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
2 3402 1001 6981 4021 3372 3402 1001 6981 4021 337
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
1 106
1 477
6 142
(e) 9 174
Services imports
1 273
3 003
7 309
(e) 12 338
Services trade balance
-167
-1 526
-1 167
(e) -3 164
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
13.2
24.6
7.4
(e) 6.8
Travel
75.6
41.9
13.3
-
Other services
11.3
33.4
79.2
(e) 84.7
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
120133148139135111100114117112105745848444234333429272512311111211110310310010210110610810797887772697176796358
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.1 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
22 765
42 587
50 034
76 191
GDP per capita, current US$
1 012
1 665
1 733
2 321
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
6.20
7.90
2.12
4.10
Current account balance, % of GDP
-4.85
-6.45
-5.64
(e) -3.29
Exchange rate (/US$)
0.905
1.430
3.715
5.806
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
76.18.019.532.235.876.18.019.532.235.8
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
+0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
144.97
2 527.36
3 192.30
2 613.80
FDI outflows
..
..
221.40
191.81
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
10.13
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
3 564.73 396.23 520.63 536.42 979.94 982.42 007.81 864.02 155.52 6141 8762 8272 9893 2553 4853 1923 3573 2263 2933 2372 5272 8971 2208556361451391105989115FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
-11.91
-10.54
-8.62
(e) -2.71
Balance, % of imports
-40.96
-32.23
-20.75
(e) -7.95
Normalized balance
-0.258
-0.192
-0.116
(e) -0.041
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
6568776870687463617065555452495046
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
58%Urban 58%Rural
42%Rural 42%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.002 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
88
85
51
42
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
20.12
21.70
40.01
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
643 100
900 000
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.02
0.02
0.22
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.81
7.13
2.24
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022