General profile: Myanmar

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
53.798 Millions
1 616.360 MMK/US$
49 255 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 652 670 km²
6.33 %
-21.50 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-9.3 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
3 776
8 661
11 429
15 145
Merchandise imports
1 908
4 760
16 885
14 322
Merchandise trade balance
1 868
3 901
-5 456
823
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
3 %3 %40 %40 %21 %21 %4 %4 %32 %32 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
4 4713 4939088585934 4713 493908858593
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
281
369
3 749
(e) 2 149
Services imports
497
789
2 392
(e) 1 822
Services trade balance
-216
-420
1 357
(e) 326
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
42.2
40.1
9.5
(e) 10.6
Travel
23.8
19.5
56.6
(e) 0.8
Other services
25.3
24.7
26.2
(e) 32.4
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1021381461321171051008986666876635863514633385140261279091999995100109110107107111118125121129127122127118125121
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
-21.5 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
14 148
44 847
63 835
49 255
GDP per capita, current US$
296
908
1 240
916
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
13.31
7.76
6.41
-21.50
Current account balance, % of GDP
4.11
3.51
-4.87
(e) -4.74
Exchange rate (/US$)
1 029.833
959.750
1 162.615
1 616.360
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
52.916.629.626.122.952.916.629.626.122.9
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
..
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
110.35
6 669.40
3 141.38
2 066.61
FDI outflows
..
..
..
..
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
..
3.14
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
2 249.62 421.42 840.52 578.12 346.42 004.61 863.92 0671 9072 5092 8924 4092 9303 1419465844971 1186 6692760327241107301 855181591FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
12.49
6.70
-3.85
(e) 3.34
Balance, % of imports
87.71
64.69
-15.21
(e) 18.62
Normalized balance
0.305
0.244
-0.082
(e) 0.085
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
3945474747424739362928272835444341
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
31%Urban 31%Rural
69%Rural 69%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.009 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
656
210
303
200
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
4.84
8.15
8.91
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
335 346
827 249
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
..
0.02
0.04
0.58
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
..
1.43
3.46
2.44
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022