General profile: Botswana

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
2.588 Millions
11.087 BWP/US$
17 529 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 566 730 km²
6.68 %
4.80 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+74.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
4 425
4 693
6 316
7 206
Merchandise imports
3 161
5 657
7 238
8 359
Merchandise trade balance
1 264
-964
-922
-1 153
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
95 %95 %5 %5 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
2 1641 6601 0337474822 1641 6601 033747482
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
832
640
912
(e) 468
Services imports
594
953
1 119
(e) 1 127
Services trade balance
238
-313
-207
(e) -659
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
10.2
5.5
5.0
(e) 10.1
Travel
67.5
68.4
58.4
-
Other services
22.3
26.0
36.6
(e) 40.8
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
1016681101941211001201118281745876888387766660616486949593971021009490919195929010710399103104107109110
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.8 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
9 931
12 787
14 421
17 529
GDP per capita, current US$
5 247
6 113
6 256
6 772
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
4.56
8.56
-1.70
4.80
Current account balance, % of GDP
16.09
-5.82
2.09
(e) -0.47
Exchange rate (/US$)
5.117
6.794
10.129
11.087
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
52.123.835.829.746.452.123.835.829.746.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
-0.3 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
278.59
218.38
378.55
55.16
FDI outflows
55.89
-0.90
183.25
-53.16
Personal remittances, % of GDP
..
0.17
0.21
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
46.153.744.339.024.630.046.136.020.220.4553294286261143379515671462932182095214954862793914184033161FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
18.38
-10.79
-6.50
(e) -9.48
Balance, % of imports
52.98
-20.79
-11.59
(e) -18.25
Normalized balance
0.209
-0.116
-0.061
(e) -0.100
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
9476768076971061131201061019394102988688
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
72%Urban 72%Rural
28%Rural 28%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
..
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
..
..
..
..
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
..
..
..
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
..
..
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.17
0.26
0.16
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
4.75
3.17
2.30
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022