General profile: Bangladesh

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
169.356 Millions
85.084 BDT/US$
365 044 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 130 170 km²
5.56 %
5.50 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+31.6 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
9 297
19 194
32 379
44 223
Merchandise imports
13 889
27 821
42 047
(e) 80 448
Merchandise trade balance
-4 592
-8 627
-9 669
(e) -36 225
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
6 %6 %94 %94 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
7 5356 4203 3402 9642 1557 5356 4203 3402 9642 155
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
1 497
2 445
3 233
7 478
Services imports
2 365
4 389
7 719
10 872
Services trade balance
-868
-1 944
-4 486
-3 394
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
7.9
7.2
12.4
17.6
Travel
4.7
3.3
4.6
3.6
Other services
70.9
88.0
80.8
71.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
10697115112107110100837866605650454447393834343333839895929610210090909083909987100111118125134149150145
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+5.5 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
57 628
114 508
194 466
365 044
GDP per capita, current US$
409
772
1 232
2 155
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.96
5.57
6.55
5.50
Current account balance, % of GDP
-0.30
1.84
1.33
-4.26
Exchange rate (/US$)
64.327
69.649
77.947
85.084
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
68.56.231.813.419.468.56.231.813.419.4
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
845.26
913.32
2 235.39
2 895.56
FDI outflows
3.30
15.40
45.50
91.71
Personal remittances, % of GDP
7.49
9.48
7.87
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
21 749.718 363.915 566.213 501.913 574.315 295.514 987.513 867.014 119.612 071.110 850.210 520.78 940.66 562.35 427.52 8962 5642 8743 6132 1522 3332 2351 5511 5991 2931 1369137001 086666792845460350335354579FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
-7.21
-6.83
-5.46
-9.84
Balance, % of imports
-28.26
-26.54
-23.28
-42.11
Normalized balance
-0.165
-0.153
-0.132
-0.267
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
3729364139394145485153453947424244
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
39%Urban 39%Rural
61%Rural 61%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.168 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
627
975
2 013
3 595
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
7.76
9.93
14.18
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 349 627
2 044 651
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.06
0.05
0.05
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
6.15
4.05
3.06
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022