General profile: Algeria

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2021
Population
Population
Exchange rates
Exchange rate
GDP
GDP
44.178 Millions
135.064 DZD/US$
165 548 Millions current US$
Land area
Land area¹
CPI growth (%)
CPI growth
GDP growth
GDP growth
(q) 2 381 741 km²
7.23 %
4.40 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
+54.2 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2021
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchandise exports
46 002
57 053
34 668
(e) 36 700
Merchandise imports
20 357
40 473
51 702
(e) 36 000
Merchandise trade balance
25 645
16 580
-17 034
(e) 700
Export structure by product group in 2021
(as % of total exports)
1 %1 %5 %5 %94 %94 %
Top 5 partners in 2021
(exports, millions of US$)
6 8125 8083 6093 1473 1146 8125 8083 6093 1473 114
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Total trade in services²
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Services exports
2 507
3 489
3 456
(e) 3 025
Services imports
4 823
11 848
11 029
(e) 6 664
Services trade balance
-2 316
-8 358
-7 573
(e) -3 639
Services exports by main category²
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Transport
33.9
21.8
19.7
(e) 18.0
Travel
7.3
6.3
9.0
-
Other services
58.7
71.9
71.3
(e) 80.5
TRADE INDICES
More data on UNCTADstat
88649611110091100142151165156137108163136141125907867677311673102111948310014315015413912091123101101886962545553
ECONOMIC TRENDS
More data on UNCTADstat
+4.4 %
Gross domestic product growth rate in 2021
Economic indicators
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
GDP, current
103 198
161 207
165 979
165 548
GDP per capita, current US$
3 131
4 496
4 197
3 747
Real GDP growth, y-on-y, %
5.90
3.60
3.70
4.40
Current account balance, % of GDP
20.52
7.58
-16.29
(e) -2.08
Exchange rate (/US$)
73.276
74.386
100.691
135.064
GDP by expenditure in 2020
(as % of total GDP)
47.319.742.617.727.347.319.742.617.727.3
FDI AND EXTERNAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
More data on UNCTADstat
0 %
FDI outflows as % of GDP in 2021
Financial flows
(millions of US$ unless otherwise specified)
2005
2010
2015
2021
FDI inflows
1 145.62
2 301.23
-584.54
869.68
FDI outflows
-20.19
220.49
103.22
-51.58
Personal remittances, % of GDP
1.65
1.27
1.20
..
Financial flows trends
(millions of US$)
1 682.31 785.81 985.01 791.91 989.01 997.42 452.42 000.01 942.01 942.02 044.02 059.02 202.02 120.01 610.01 700.08701 1431 3821 4751 2321 636-5851 5071 6971 4992 5812 3012 7542 6321 7441 8881 1468856381 0651 113280FDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsFDI Inwards flowsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receiptsMigrant's remittances receipts
TRADE IN GOODS AND SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
Trade balance indicators²
(as % and index)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Balance, % of GDP
23.45
6.17
-15.29
(e) -0.61
Balance, % of imports
98.22
19.63
-40.11
(e) -2.42
Normalized balance
0.329
0.089
-0.251
(e) -0.012
Trade openness²
(sum of imports and exports as % of GDP)
5046546057586163646668697176727171
LIVING AREA
Population by living area in 2021
(% of population)
Urban
74%Urban 74%Rural
26%Rural 26%
OTHER INDICATORS
More data on UNCTADstat
0.032 %
Share of the total world merchant fleet in 2021
Maritime transport indicators
 
2005
2010
2015
2021
Merchant fleet, national flag (thousands of DWT)
913
765
802
673
Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum 2006 = 100 for China)
..
9.91
13.02
12.78
Container port throughput (TEU)
..
1 180 048
(t) 1 635 509
..
Information economy indicators
(as % of)
2005
2010
2015
2021
Share of ICT goods, % of total exports
0.01
0.00
0.00
..
Share of ICT goods, % of total imports
7.92
2.96
5.38
..
Share of workforce involved in the ICT sector
..
..
..
..
Source: UNCTADstat (http://unctadstat.unctad.org)
Notes:
1
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
2
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6, 2009).
e
Estimated.
q
Estimated. Data refers to 2020.
t
Revised more than 20% in relation to the version published in 2020.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
FDI:
Foreign direct investment
GDP:
Gross domestic product
ICT:
Information and communication technology
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
US$:
United States dollar
Disclaimer:
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

UNCTAD strives for the highest level of accuracy and is committed to promptly correcting any errors on its part. It does not guarantee or make any express or implied representations regarding the accuracy, reliability, correctness, fitness for use for a particular purpose, or otherwise, whatsoever, of any of the tables in UNCTADstat.
Generation date: 20 October 2022