Maritime profile: Belgium

GENERAL INFORMATION FOR 2019
Population
GDP
Merchandise trade¹
11.539 Millions
529 306 Millions current US$
870 874 Millions current US$
Land area²
GDP growth
Transport services trade³
(j) 30 280 Km²
1.37 %
(e) 241 355 Millions current US$
MARITIME KEY FIGURES FOR 2019
More data on UNCTADstat
Coast/area ratio²
Ship building
Ship recycling
2.5 m/km²
..
8 089 GT
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - National flag
Fleet - Ownership
10 474 Thousands DWT
197 ships
30 576 Thousands DWT
Container port throughput
Number of seafarers
Number of port calls
13 570 787 TEU
4 924
34 445
WORLD SHARES FOR 2019
0.15 % Less than 0.01% of the World total0.60 %2.35 %2.21 %0.53 %0.40 %1.55 %0.91 %Not available or not separately reported0.07 %0.47 %0.14 %1.67 %1.09 %2.28 %1.74 %0.36 %2.28 %1.10 %0.15 % Less than 0.01% of the World total0.60 %2.35 %2.21 %0.53 %0.40 %1.55 %0.91 %Not available or not separately reported0.07 %0.47 %0.14 %1.67 %1.09 %2.28 %1.74 %0.36 %2.28 %1.10 %
INTERNATIONAL MERCHANDISE TRADE
More data on UNCTADstat
-5.1 %
Merchandise exports growth rate in 2019
Total merchandise trade
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Merchandise exports
334 400
407 692
396 841
444 679
Merchandise imports
318 700
391 177
375 530
426 194
Merchandise trade balance
15 700
16 515
21 311
18 485
Export structure by product group in 2019
(as % of total exports)
8 %8 %74 %74 %8 %8 %10 %10 %
Top 5 partners in 2019
(exports, millions of US$)
79 65962 67453 67033 86227 65079 65962 67453 67033 86227 650
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN TRANSPORT SERVICES
More data on UNCTADstat
-5.7 %
Transport services exports growth rate in 2019
Services exports by main category¹⁰
(as % of total services)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Transport
-
27.1
20.8
(e) 20.2
Travel
-
11.6
7.2
(e) 7.4
Other services
-
55.6
66.6
(e) 67.8
Total trade in transport services¹⁰
(millions of US$)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Transport services exports
-
26 700
22 701
(e) 24 437
Transport services imports
-
21 314
23 281
(e) 26 626
Transport services trade balance
-
5 386
-580
(e) -2 189
NATIONAL FLEET
More data on UNCTADstat
+23.1 %
Fleet growth rate in2019
Carrying capacity by type of ship
(Thousands DWT)
2005
2010
2015
2019
Total fleet
6 815.0
6 575.1
8 670.9
10 474.0
Oil tankers
3 601.0
2 168.7
4 381.7
5 982.2
Bulk carriers
2 242.0
2 730.8
2 745.4
2 987.8
General cargo
3.0
150.3
101.8
74.0
Container ships
311.0
131.0
0.0
0.0
Other types of ships
658.0
1 394.2
1 442.0
1 430.0
Fleet by type of ship
(Number of ships)
13301721261410181821144015152013201715191330181720
LINER SHIPPING CONNECTIVITY
More data on UNCTADstat
Bilateral connectivity index - Top 10 partners in 2019¹¹
Can only take values between 0 (minimum) and 1 (maximum)
0.6810.6490.5950.5820.5290.5260.5210.4820.4720.4680.6810.6490.5950.5820.5290.5260.5210.4820.4720.468
Liner shipping connectivity index¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China
89.584.886.684.685.385.685.885.584.387.088.785.883.585.283.185.786.386.184.283.582.278.177.977.078.178.478.178.680.377.177.778.278.178.778.979.779.679.380.079.579.879.982.083.477.677.178.377.076.574.473.973.773.774.273.272.5
PORT CALLS AND PERFORMANCE
More data on UNCTADstat
Port calls, time spent in ports, vessel age and size in 2019
 
Number of arrivals
Median time
in port (days)
Avg age
of vessels
Avg size (GT)
of vessels
Avg cargo
carrying
capacity (DWT)
per vessel
Avg container
carrying
capacity (TEU)
per container ship
Maximum size (GT) of vessels
All ships
34 445
1.17
16
20 467
12 452
4 795
232 618
Liquid bulk carriers
12 021
1.23
15
7 037
12 067
..
88 099
Liquefied petroleum gas carriers
1 257
1.40
12
7 426
8 232
..
48 022
Liquefied natural gas carriers
135
1.14
6
99 207
79 823
..
163 922
Dry bulk carriers
1 006
3.71
9
29 385
50 178
..
92 752
Dry breakbulk carriers
7 773
1.09
19
4 392
5 795
..
71 543
Roll-on/ roll-off ships
6 471
..
15
36 063
14 430
..
100 430
Container ships
5 190
1.00
14
52 967
..
4 795
232 618
Passenger ships
592
..
25
43 431
..
..
155 889
Port liner shipping connectivity index - Top 5 ports in 2019¹¹
Maximum 2006=100 for China, Hong Kong SAR
1.11.11.11.11.12.52.52.52.52.42.42.52.52.52.52.72.72.72.62.42.42.42.82.83.02.92.93.24.14.04.04.04.12.62.646.546.345.541.443.042.943.043.436.941.541.911.57.938.038.742.342.942.341.743.838.738.337.639.039.139.438.638.640.637.237.336.737.337.437.237.036.939.535.035.341.140.141.541.634.733.031.329.430.428.528.928.428.729.628.227.793.588.090.190.690.491.192.091.190.489.490.888.989.791.088.990.090.290.183.481.886.682.282.280.081.378.979.079.681.181.281.981.981.683.183.785.284.783.583.882.881.082.283.378.979.878.980.980.379.778.377.277.077.177.476.474.7
Source: Detailed data sources are available in the documentation of the corresponding tables in the Data Center (http://stats.unctad.org/data_center). A link to these tables is provided in each section of the profile.
Notes:
1
Sum of exports and imports.
2
Land area refers to the total area of a country excluding area under inland water bodies. It differs from the country area, that includes area under inland water bodies, but excludes offshore territorial waters.
Coastline length based on data calculated in 2000 from the World Vector Shoreline database at 1:250,000 scale.
3
Sum of exports and imports. Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
4
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
5
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 100 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
6
Propelled seagoing merchant vessels of 1000 GT and above, on 1 January. Source: Clarksons Research (https://www.clarksons.com/services/research/).
7
UNCTAD Secretariat, derived from various sources including Dynamar B.V. Publications, terminal operators and port authorities.
8
Refers to year 2015. Source: BIMCO-ICS Manpower Report 2015.
9
UNCTAD Secretariat, based on data provided by MarineTraffic (http://marinetraffic.com). Ships of 1000 GT and above.
10
Statistics presented correspond to the 6th edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, 2009 (BPM6, 2009).
11
UNCTAD Secretariat, generated from data provided by MDS Transmodal (https://www.mdst.co.uk).
e
Estimated.
j
Estimated. Data refers to 2016.
Symbols for missing values:
0
Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible
..
Not available or not separately reported
_
Not applicable
...
Not available, including no quotation
#
Non-relevant calculation
-
Not publishable
***
Negative accumulation of flows; Value included in regional and global totals
Abbreviations & acronyms:
DWT:
Dead weight tons
LNG:
Liquefied natural gas
LPG:
Liquefied petroleum gas
GDP:
Gross domestic product
GT:
Gross tons
TEU:
Twenty foot equivalent unit
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Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.
The designations "developing", "transition" and "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular economy in the development process.

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Generation date: 11 November 2020