Methodology and Classification

 

General notes
 

Other notes
 

Explanation of symbols
 

Distribution of countries and Territories
 

Distribution of countries and territories by geographical region
 

Distribution of economies by economic grouping
 

Distribution of economies by trade, monetary groups and interregional grouping
 

Definition of countries, territories and country groups
 

Distribution of products and product groups
 

Definition of products and product groups
 

Classification revision history
 

Abbreviations and acronyms
 

 

General disclaimer

The designations employed and the presentation of the material on UNCTADstat do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Where the designations "economy" or "country or area" appear in texts or tables, they cover regions, countries, territories, cities or areas.

The designations "developing", "in transition", and  "developed" are intended for statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process.

To contact us:
statistics@unctad.org

 


GENERAL NOTES

The following paragraphs describe the tables included in the UNCTADstat. Further information and notes relevant to particular tables can be found in Table Summaries provided with each table on the UNCTADstat. Additional information and notes on particular tables can be found by clicking on the yellow information icon in the table headings, dimensions or items.

International trade

§  Table Volume growth rates of merchandise exports and imports, quarterly presents quarterly volume growth rates by selected individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed as percentage change over previous quarter and percentage change over the same quarter of previous year.

§  Table Values and shares of merchandise exports and imports, annual shows the value of total merchandise exports and imports by individual country, geographical region, economic grouping and trade group, expressed in millions of dollars and as a percentage of the world total.

§  Table Value growth rates of merchandise exports and imports, annual presents annual average growth rates of total merchandise exports and imports for individual countries, geographical regions and economic groupings.

§  Table Merchandise trade balance, annual shows trade balance, the difference between exports f.o.b. and imports c.i.f. (or imports f.o.b. when applicable) expressed in millions of dollars and as a percentage of imports.

§  Table Values and growth of exports and imports of total services, quarterly presents the latest quarterly statistics for total services exports and imports, in millions of dollars, for individual countries, for which the data are available. Quarterly figures for commercial services, which exclude government services, are included as a memo item. Also shown are the year-on-year percentage changes. The data presented are the result of the common work of World Trade Organization (WTO) and UNCTAD, and are published simultaneously by both organizations (WTO statistics database).

§  Table Values and shares of exports and imports of services, annual presents total trade in services by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars, as percentages of the world total and as percentages of a country's or a group's total trade in both merchandise and services.

§  Table Exports and imports of merchandise and services, annual is a compilation of merchandise trade statistics, reported by countries in accordance with the recommendations of the UN International Merchandise Trade Statistics: Concepts and Definitions, and statistics of trade in services as reported in the Balance of Payments.

§  Table Value, volume and unit value indices of merchandise exports and imports, annual provides information on trade indices of value, volume and unit value which are calculated at the level of individual countries, geographical regions, and economic groupings.

§  Table Intra-trade of regional and trade groups by product, annual shows the value of total exports and imports of intra-trade of regional and trade groups broken down by products expressed in millions of dollars and in percentage by destination. 

§  Table Merchandise trade matrix, exports and imports, annual presents merchandise trade by trading partner and product based on SITC, Rev.3 commodity classification (the most detailed level is three digit), expressed in thousands of dollars. In addition, data are also summarized by geographical region and economic grouping, for both reporting country and its trading partner, and by product grouping.

§  Table Trade in services by category, annual presents trade in services by service category for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total trade in services. The commercial services, which exclude government services and follow the GATS definition, are included as well.

§  Table Terms of trade indices and purchasing power indices of exports, annual, provides information on terms of trade and purchasing power indices which are calculated at the level of individual countries, geographical regions, and economic groupings.

§  Table Concentration and diversification indices of merchandise exports and imports by country, annual, provides information on number of exported/imported products, concentration and diversification indices by country. The concentration index shows how exports and imports of individual countries or group of countries are concentrated on several products or otherwise distributed in a more homogeneous manner among a series of products. The diversification index signals whether the structure of exports or imports by product of a given country or group of countries differ from the structure of product of the world.

§  Table Bilateral concentration indices of merchandise exports and imports, annual, provides information on the number of exported/imported products and concentration indices by country. The concentration index shows how exports and imports of individual countries or group of countries are concentrated on several products or otherwise distributed in a more homogeneous manner among a series of products.

§  Table Comparative diversification indices of merchandise exports and imports, annual, provides indication whether a trade structure of two economies are similar or not. It is computed by measuring absolute deviation of product shares between one country and another.

§  Table Concentration and structural change indices of exports and imports by product, annual, provides information on concentration and structural change indices by product. The concentration index indicates whether a product is concentrated in a few countries or homogeneously distributed among several countries. The structural change index shows whether the market share for a given product among exporting countries has change significantly compared to reference year.

§  Table Merchandise trade complementarity, annual, presents merchandise trade complementarity index which assesses the suitability of preferential trade agreement between two economies given the structure of one potential partners’ exports match the imports of the other potential partner. Changes over time may indicate whether the trade profiles are becoming more or less compatible.

§  Table Merchandise trade specialization index, annual, presents merchandise trade specialization indices which are used to measure the degree of specialization in the production/consumption of goods through trade. They are calculated for each product group.

§  Table Merchandise trade correlation index, annual, presents merchandise trade correlation indices which are used to measure similarity of trade specialization index between economies. High similarity then can be considered that those economies compete in other in both exports and imports.

§  Table Goods and services trade balance indicators, annual, shows indicators of trade balances as the following: - Normalized trade balance, - Trade balance as percentage of imports and, - Trade balance as percentage of nominal gross domestic product (GDP). The indicators are calculated for merchandise trade, trade in services and total trade in merchandise and services.

§  Table Goods and services trade openness indices, annual, shows exports, imports and average of exports and imports as percentage of nominal gross domestic product (GDP). The indicators are calculated for merchandise trade, trade in services and total trade in merchandise and services.

§  Table Most favoured nation rate (MFN rate) and effectively applied rate, annual, presents most favoured nation (MFN) and effectively applied import tariff rates for major categories of non-agricultural and non-fuel products by individual country (as market economies) and economic grouping (as origins), expressed in various aggregation measures: simple average, weighted average, minimum and maximum rate, etc.

Economic trends

§  Table Nominal and real GDP, total and per capita, annual presents total and per capita, nominal and real, gross domestic product (GDP) by expenditure approach, by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping. Total GDP figures are expressed in millions of dollars, while GDP per capita is expressed in dollars.

§  Table Real GDP growth rates, total and per capita, annual contains annual average growth rates of real gross domestic product (GDP), total and per capita, by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping.

§  Table GDP by type of expenditure and Value Added by kind of economic activity, annual presents gross domestic product (GDP) by type of expenditure and presents value added (VA) by kind of economic activity, expressed in millions of dollars. The table also presents percentage distribution of GDP by expenditure and percentage distribution of VA by economic activity.

§  Table Nominal GNI, total and per capita, annual presents total and per capita, nominal gross national income by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping. GNI figures are expressed in millions of dollars, while GNI per capita is expressed in dollars.

§  Table Balance of payments, current account net, annual provides information on the current account net by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of GDP

§  Table Exchange rates crossrates, annual shows exchange rates for currencies used in over 190 world economies presented in a crossrates layout where countries are presented in both rows and columns.

§  Table Nominal effective exchange rate indices, annual, shows the nominal effective exchange rate indices (NEER) by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping. The term "effective" means that exchange rate changes are not measured against one particular currency, but instead use an average index of a whole basket of currencies, each weighted according to the issuing countries' respective importance as a trade partner.

§  Table Real effective exchange rate indices (CPI based), annual, shows the real effective exchange rate indices (REER) Consumer Price Index based by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping. Real effective exchange rates take account of price level differences between trading partners.

§  Table Consumer price indices, annual, provides information on consumer price indices (CPI) with base year 2000 and 2005 and annual growth rate for individual countries. 

Foreign direct investment

§  Table Inward and outward foreign direct investment flows, annual contains information on foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows and outflows by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars. Additional calculations present: FDI world shares, FDI values per capita, and FDI percentage ratios with respect to GDP, gross fixed capital formation (GFCF), and total exports and imports of merchandise and services.

§  Table Inward and outward foreign direct investment stock, annual contains information on foreign direct investment (FDI) inward and outward stock by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars, as FDI world shares, as FDI values per capita, and as FDI percentage ratios with respect to GDP.

External financial resources

§  Table Inward and outward foreign direct investment flows, annual contains information on foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows and outflows by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars. Additional calculations present: FDI world shares, FDI values per capita, and FDI percentage ratios with respect to GDP, gross fixed capital formation (GFCF), and total exports and imports of merchandise and services.

§  Table Migrants' remittances, annual presents two different series on remittances expressed in millions of dollars: (1) Total remittances, which cover workers' remittances, compensation of employees and migrants' transfers; and (2) Workers' remittances plus compensation of employees. It also shows remittances as percentage of exports and imports of goods and services, and as percentage of GDP. Aggregated figures for country groups are calculated only for the series Total remittances.

§  Table Official financial flows, annual gives information on official financial flows by type and sources. It is further broken down by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping (as recipients); and expressed in millions of dollars, as percentage of total flows and as percentage of region.

§  Table External long-term debt of developing economies by lending source, annual presents information on the external long-term indebtedness of developing economies (as debtors), expressed in millions of dollars, expressed as percentage of total long-term debt, as percentage of debt source and as percentage of region. The table also provides breakdown of public and publicly guaranteed debt by source of lending (as creditors).

§  Table International reserves including gold, annual contains time series on international reserves (including gold), by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars. It further presents the number of months of merchandise imports that these reserves could finance at current imports level, as well as annual changes in total reserves.

Population and labour force

§  Table Total population, annual provides estimates from 1950 to current year and forecasts until 2050 on population: total population and urban population, expressed in thousands and as a percentage of total population, respectively.

§  Table Total labour force and agriculture labour force, annual provides estimates and forecasts on labour force data: (1) Total labour force and female labour force, expressed in thousands and as a percentage of total labour force, respectively, (2) Total agriculture labour force and female labour force, expressed in thousands and as a percentage of total agriculture labour force, respectively.

Commodities

§  Tables Free market commodity prices, monthly and annual present average free-market prices for selected commodities exported by developing economies. The prices are calculated from daily quotations except in the case of wheat, cotton, tea, vegetable oilseeds and oils and cattle hides, which are calculated from weekly quotations.

§  Tables Free market commodity price indices, monthly and annual present free-market price indices, calculated from commodity prices table, for selected commodities exported by developing economies.

§  Table Instability indices and trends of free-market commodity prices for selected periods, annual presents instability indices and trends of free-market prices for selected primary commodities that are of particular interest to developing economies for three ten-year periods and two five-year periods.

Information economy

§  Table ICT producing sector core indicators, annual contains statistics on two core indicators of the ICT producing sector: the proportion (%) of total business sector workforce involved in the ICT sector and value added in the ICT sector as a percentage of total business sector value added.

§  Table Share of ICT goods in international trade, annual contains two of the Core Indicators on the Information Economy defined by the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development, namely the share of ICT goods imports as a percentage of total imports and the share of ICT goods exports as a percentage of total exports, for every country for which this information is available in the UN COMTRADE database. For information on the Partnership, please consult: http://measuring-ict.unctad.org.

§  Bilateral trade flows by ICT goods categories, annual, contains bilateral flows of ICT goods aggregated at the category level. The five categories are defined according to the OECD’s Guide on Measuring the Information Society 2011 as follows: computers and peripheral equipment, communication equipment, consumer electronic equipment, electronic components, miscellaneous.

§  The table Core Indicators on ICT Use in Business by Location Type, annual, contains statistics on 12 core indicators on the use of ICT in business differentiated by urban and rural location.

§  The table Core indicators on ICT use in business by Industrial Classification of economic activity, annual, contains statistics on 12 core indicators on the use of ICT in business by Industrial Classification of economic activity.

Creative economy

§  Table Values and shares of creative goods exports and imports, annual presents exports and imports of creative goods by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars and broken down by individual trading partner or trading group. Furthermore, data are presented also as percentage of world (both as economy and trading partner), total products, and region.

§  Table Growth rates of creative goods exports and imports, annual presents annual average growth of creative goods exports and imports for individual countries, geographical regions and economic groupings.

§  Table Concentration index of creative goods exports and imports, annual provides information on concentration indices of exports and imports of creative goods.

§  Table Trade in creative services, annual presents exports and imports of creative services by category of service, for individual economies, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade.

§  Table Growth rates of creative services exports and imports, annual presents annual average growth rates of creative services exports and imports for individual countries and selected geographical regions.

§  Table Trade in related services: Computer and information, annual presents exports and imports of computer and information services, for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade, in the context of trade in services related to creative economy.

§  Table Trade in related services: Royalties and license fees, annual presents exports and imports of royalties and license fees, for individual countries, expressed in millions of dollars and as percentages of a country's total services trade, in the context of trade in services related to creative economy.

§  Table Growth rates of creative industries related goods exports and imports, annual presents annual average growth rates of exports and imports of goods related to creative industries for individual countries, geographical regions and economic groupings.

§  Table Concentration index of creative industries related goods exports and imports, annual provides information on concentration indices of exports and imports of goods related to creative industries.

§  Table Values and shares of creative industries related goods exports and imports, annual presents exports and imports of goods related to creative industries by individual country, geographical region and economic grouping, expressed in millions of dollars and broken down by individual trading partner or trading group. Furthermore, data are presented also as percentage of world (both as economy and trading partner), total products, and region.

Maritime transport

§  Table Merchant fleet by flag of registration and by type of ship, annual shows data on the world merchant fleet by flag of registration and by type of ship, highlighting the group of major open-registry countries. Data are presented in thousands of dead-weight tons (DWT), as world shares, and as percentages of a ship-type in an economy's fleet.

§  Table Liner shipping connectivity index, annual presents the liner shipping connectivity index (LSCI), which indicates a country's integration level into global liner shipping networks. The index base year is 2004, and the base value is on a country showing a maximum figure for 2004.

§  Table Container port throughput, annual presents the total number of containers handled by a port, per country, expressed in Twenty-foot Equivalent Units (TEUs). This may include loading, unloading, repositioning and transshipment containers as well as Forty-foot Equivalent Units (FEUs) being counted as two TEUs.

§  Table World seaborne trade by types of cargo and country groups, annual shows data on the world seaborne trade by type of cargo and by group of countries. Data are presented in millions of tons.

 


 

OTHER NOTES
Unless otherwise specified, country aggregates are the sums of the relevant country data by group. Calculations of aggregates may in some cases include data estimated by the UNCTAD secretariat that are not necessarily all reported separately.

Data were collected and checked to ensure that they matched the geographical coverage of the countries, as described below. However, some gaps could not be avoided due to data unavailability and are described in the table notes.

Because of rounding, details and percentages in tables do not necessarily add up to totals.

Unless otherwise stated, dollars ($) refer to US dollars and data in dollars are expressed in current US dollars of the year to which they refer.

Average annual growth rates are defined as the coefficient
b in the exponential trend function y = aebt  where t stands for time. This method takes all observations in a period into account. Therefore, the resulting growth rates reflect trends that are not unduly influenced by exceptional values.

 

 

EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS

 

(0)   Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible.

 

(_)   The symbol underscore indicates that the item is not applicable.

 

(..)   Two dots indicate that the data are not available or are not separately reported.

 

(-)   Use of a hyphen between years (e.g. 1985-1990) signifies the full period involved, including the initial and final years.

 

(1)   Absolute zero

 

(2)   Insignificant

(3)   Provisional

(4)   Imputed (CCSA definition)

(5)   Estimated

(6)   Forecast

(7)   Break in series


Some exceptions are indicated in footnotes.

 


DISTRIBUTION OF COUNTRIES AND TERRITORIES
The country distributions presented are for statistical convenience only and follow those used by the Statistics Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) of the United Nations. They are grouped by economic criteria or membership of trade agreements for the purposes of statistical analysis and research.

The term "economies", as used in this database, describes regions, countries and territories. Country-level data are included where statistics have been reported or where it was possible to make an estimate. In case of change in the statistical coverage of a country, it is identified by adding an end year after the country name.
For the following countries, the data presented in the tables refer to their statistical territory:
- Finland including Åland Islands
- France including French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, Monaco and Réunion
- Norway including Svalbard and Jan Mayen
- Switzerland including Liechtenstein
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland including Channel Islands and Isle of Man

DISTRIBUTION BY GEOGRAPHICAL REGION
There is no established convention for the designation of "developed" and "developing" countries or areas in the United Nations system. In common practice, Israel and Japan in Asia, Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, Saint Pierre et Miquelon, and the United States in northern America, Australia and New Zealand in Oceania, and Europe are considered "developed" regions or areas. This section includes all countries and territories divided into three major categories: developing countries, transition economies and developed economies. Each category is further divided by geographical regions.
This section includes countries and territories classified according to three categories of development: developing economies, transition economies and developed economies.  Each category is further divided by geographical region. The exact composition of each region is detailed below.

1) Developing economies
The geographical regions are further subdivided into subregions in order to present more detailed statistics. This category includes all countries and territories in America, Africa, Asia and Oceania not included in the two categories mentioned below. Exceptions are specified in table footnotes.

2) Transition economies
This group includes countries in transition from centrally planned to market economies.

3) Developed economies
This category is subdivided into 4 geographical regions: America, Asia, Europe and Oceania.

World' total represents the sum of the figures of the three above-mentioned groups plus the figures of a group of territories and partners not elsewhere classified, whose composition is detailed below. Data of these territories are included in the world total if they have been reported but are not presented individually or in any group, either geographical, economic or trade.

The composition of the group 'not elsewhere classified' is as follows:
- Territories: Antarctica, Bouvet Island, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, French Southern Territories, Heard and McDonald Islands, Norfolk Island, Pitcairn, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin (French part), South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, United States Minor Outlying Islands, and United States Miscellaneous Pacific Islands.
- Partners: 'Confidential information and differences', 'Neutral zone', 'Free zones', 'Bunkers', and 'ship stores'. These specific partners are only used in the merchandise trade tables.

The total of each group presented in the UNCTADSTAT is also completed, should the case arise, with data that have not been allocated to the different elements composing the group.

DISTRIBUTION OF ECONOMIES BY ECONOMIC GROUPING
The UNCTADSTAT provides numerous and varied groupings of countries and territories in order to provide easy access to the statistics necessary for socio-economic analysis and development research.

Developing economies are presented at three levels of aggregation: the total group, the group excluding continental China and the group excluding the least developed countries.

Least developed countries and landlocked developing countries are recognized by the United Nations as categories that require special attention from the international community.

Since 1994, the United Nations has recognized the particular problems of the small island developing States (SIDS), even though the criteria for drawing up an official list of SIDS have not yet been determined. The unofficial list of SIDS in the UNCTADSTAT is used by UNCTAD for analytical purposes only.

The developing economies are also categorized into three subgroups according to their average 2004-2006 per capita GDP: high-income (above $4 500), middle-income (between $1 000 and $4 500) and low-income (below $1 000).

The category of "heavily indebted poor countries" (those economies benefiting from the HIPC debt-reduction initiative of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund) includes 40 countries.

The group of major petroleum and gas exporters consists of countries whose share of petroleum and gas (SITC code 33 plus 34) was not less than 50 per cent of their total exports, and whose exports of these products amounted to at least 1 per cent of petroleum and gas world share for the period 2004–2006. This group is divided into three geographical zones: Africa, America and Asia.

The group of major manufactured goods exporters consists of economies whose share of manufactured products (SITC 5 to 8, excluding 667 and 68) was not less than 50 per cent of their total exports, and whose exports of these products amounted to at least 1 per cent of manufactured goods world share for the period 2004–2006. The group comprises countries in America and Asia.

The group of major exporters of primary commodities excluding fuels is calculated on the basis of the following criteria (1) the share of primary commodities, excluding fuels (SITC 0 + 1 + 2 + 4 + 68 + 667 + 971) was not less than 50 percent of their total exports and (2) their exports of those products amounted to at least 1% of primary commodities, excluding fuels world share in the period 2004-2006.

The composition of the groups of "emerging economies" (in America and Asia) and "newly industrialized Asian economies" (composed of first and second tier economies) corresponds to that used in UNCTAD's Trade and Development Report.

The composition of the Emerging Industrial Economies (EIEs - UNIDO) corresponds to the UNIDO classification available in the International Yearbook of Industrial Statistics 2013.

The different geographical regions are also presented at various levels of aggregation:
- Africa: Africa excluding South-Africa; Northern Africa excluding Sudan; Sub-Saharan Africa, including Sudan, including/excluding South Africa.
- America: South America excluding Brazil; Central America and Greater Caribbean Islands excluding Puerto Rico, including/excluding Mexico;
  Latin America (South America and Central America).
- Asia: Southern Asia excluding India; Eastern and South-Eastern Asia excluding China; Eastern, Southern and South-Eastern Asia.
- Economies in transition excluding CIS.
- Developed economies: Asia and Oceania

DISTRIBUTION OF ECONOMIES BY TRADE, MONETARY GROUPS AND INTERREGIONAL GROUPING
Statistics on trade and monetary groups are presented where relevant and of special analytical interest. These groups, which are not limited to developing countries, are classified by geographical region, with the exception of following interregional groupings: African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP). Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC). the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), G8, G20, G77, the League of Arab States, the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), the countries of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB), and the countries of the Global System of Trade Preferences (GSTP) presented at various levels of aggregation.

 

Definition of Countries,Territories and Country Groups

Countries and territories

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Geographical regions / Development status

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Economic groupings

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Trade or monetary groups

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DISTRIBUTION OF PRODUCTS and PRODUCT GROUPS
UNCTADSTAT applies the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) Revision 3 and / or broad UNCTAD product groupings (based on SITC, Rev.3) in the following tables: Merchandise trade matrix, annual; concentration and structural change indices of exports and imports by product, annual; and most favoured nation rate (MFN rate) and effectively applied rate, annual. As for ICT and CE merchandise trade tables, the Harmonized System (HS) classification is used as during the compilation of those statistics.

UNCTAD product groups are provided for special analytical interest. The overview of those groups is outlined below.

Total all products

All allocated products (SITC 0 to 8 + 961 + 971)

Primary commodities, precious stones and non-monetary gold (SITC 0 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 68 + 667 + 971)

Primary commodities (SITC 0 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 68)

Primary commodities, excluding fuels (SITC 0 + 1 + 2 + 4 + 68)

All food items (SITC 0 + 1 + 22 + 4)

Food, basic (SITC 0 + 22 + 4)

Food, basic excluding tea, coffee, cocoa and spices (SITC 0 + 22 + 4 less 07)

Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)

Agricultural raw materials (SITC 2 less 22, 27 and 28)

Ores and metals (SITC 27 + 28 + 68)

Non-ferrous metals (SITC 68)

Other ores and metals (SITC 27 + 28)

Fuels (SITC 3)

Pearls, precious stones and non-monetary gold (SITC 667 + 971)

Manufactured goods (SITC 5 to 8 less 667 and 68)

Chemical products (SITC 5)

Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)

                   Electronics excluding parts and components (SITC 751 + 752 + 761 + 762 + 763 + 775)

                   Part and components for electrical and electronic goods (SITC 759 +764 + 772 + 776)

Other manufactured goods (SITC 6 + 8 less 667 and 68)

Iron and steel (SITC 67)

Textile fibres, yarn, fabrics and clothing (SITC 26 + 65 + 84)

 

Memo: Primary commodities, precious stones and non-monetary gold, excluding fuels (SITC 0 + 1 + 2 + 4 + 68 + 667 + 971)

  Memo: Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold (SITC 27 + 28 + 68 + 667 + 971)


Manufactured goods by degree of manufacturing [1]

 Labour-intensive and resource-intensive manufactures

 Low-skill and technology-intensive manufactures

 Medium-skill and technology-intensive manufactures

  Medium-skill: Electronics (excluding parts and components) (SITC 775)

  Medium-skill: Parts and components for electrical and electronic goods (SITC 772)

  Medium-skill: Other, excluding electronics

 High-skill and technology-intensive manufactures

  High-skill: Electronics (excluding parts and components) (SITC 751 + 752 + 761 + 762 + 763)

  High-skill: Parts and components for electrical and electronic goods (SITC 759 + 764 + 776)

  High-skill: Other, excluding electronics

[1] The definition is taken from Trade and Development Report (TDR) 2002 Annexes to Chapter III. Furthermore, some additional works were undertaken to convert the original list in SITC Rev.2 into SITC Rev.3, to extend its coverage to all commodities and to ensure consistency with existing UNCTAD product groups.

 

Definition of Products and Product Groups

SITC Revision 3 - All products

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SITC Revision 3 - UNCTAD Product groupings

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SITC Revision 3 - UNCTAD Manufactured goods by degree of manufacturing

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Information and communication technology (ICT) product classification

 

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Classification Revision History

HS 2002 - Creative products

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HS 2007 - Creative products

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Creative economy product classification

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Classifications update - June 2013 (Revision)

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Classifications update - June 2013

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Classifications update - July 2012 

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Classifications update - September 2011 

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ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

ACP
ANCOM
APEC
APTA
ASEAN
BPM
BSEC
CACM
CARICOM
CCSA
CDIAC
CEMAC
CEPGL
c.i.f.
CIS
COMESA
DAC
DRS
EAC
ECCAS
ECE
ECLAC
ECO
ECOWAS
EFTA

EIU

ESCAP
ESCWA
EU
excl.
FAO
FDI
f.o.b.
FTAA
GATS
GCC
GDP
GFCF
GNP
GSTP
HIPCs
HS
ILO
IMF
LAIA
LDC
MERCOSUR
MFN
MRU
MSG
NAFTA
n.e.s.
NIEs
n.i.e.
NPISHs
OA
OAS
ODA
OECD
OECS
OOF
OPEC
SAARC
SADC
SAR
SDR
SFR
SIDS
SITC
TFYR
TNC
UMA
UNAIDS
UN/DESA/SD
UNDP
UNESCO
UNICEF
UNWTO
USSR
WAEMU
WHO

WITS

WTO

African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States
Andean Community
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (former Bangkok Agreement)
Association of South-East Asian Nations
Balance of Payments Manual (IMF)
Black Sea Economic Cooperation
Central American Common Market
Caribbean Community
Committee for the Coordination of Statistical Activities
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Centre
Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries
cost, insurance and freight
Commonwealth of Independent States
Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
Development Assistance Committee (of OECD)
Debtor Reporting System
East African Community
Economic Community of Central African States
Economic Commission for Europe
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
Economic Cooperation Organization
Economic Community of West African States
European Free Trade Association
Economic Intelligence Unit
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
European Union
excluding
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
foreign direct investment
free on board
Free Trade Area of the Americas
General Agreement on Trade in Services
Gulf Cooperation Council
gross domestic product
gross fixed capital formation
gross national product
Global system of trade preferences
heavily indebted poor countries
Harmonized System
International Labour Organization
International Monetary Fund
Latin American Integration Association
least developed country
Mercado Común del Sur
most favoured nation
Mano River Union
Melanesia Spearhead Group
North American Free Trade Agreement
not elsewhere specified
newly industrialized economies
not included elsewhere
non-profit institutions serving households
official aid
Organization of American States
official development assistance
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
other official flows
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
Southern African Development Community
Special Administrative Region
special drawing right
Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia (former)
Small island developing States
Standard International Trade Classification
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
transnational corporation
Arab Maghreb Union
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistics Division
United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
United Nations Children’s Fund
World Tourism Organization
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
West African Economic and Monetary Union
World Health Organization
World Integrated Trade Solution
World Trade Organization

 


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